UIS Philosophy Major To Work With Army Research Lab
Based on his work with Prof. P. Boltuc, UIS Philosophy major, Jonathan Milton, has been awarded a research mentorship with Dr. Troy Kelley of the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) in Aberdeen, MD. It is a part of the recent grant Sciences for Maneuver Basic Research Refresh entitled “APPLE: Adaptive Perception Processes for Learning from Experience”.
Mr. Milton will be participating in a research program designed to look at modern Artificial Intelligence problems, specifically, learning from experience over a long period of time. The mentorship with ARL is expected to last for 3 years, mostly in an online format, and will extend during and beyond Jonathan’s graduation from UIS. In students own words: “While I was enrolled in the Philosophy Senior Seminar last fall semester, Dr. Boltuc (UIS Philosophy Department) encouraged me to write my final paper on existing problems with regard to robots and artificial intelligence. I am extremely flattered that Dr. Boltuc thought so highly of my paper, and after it was graded I was encouraged to send it to Dr. Kelly at the ARL whose work we covered in class, in order to get some constructive feedback from subject matter experts. I am extremely excited at the prospect of visiting the ARL to see the work being done there firsthand.”
Grace Latimore presented at the 2016 NCUR
UIS Senior Grace Latimore received funding through the Undergraduate Research Support Program to travel to Asheville, North Carolina for the annual conference of the National Council on Undergraduate Research (NCUR). To learn more about Grace, please view her Leadership Lived video.
2016-2017 Undergraduate Student Research Grant Award Winners
Eli Hahn, Department of Psychology- clinical/counseling
Project: Developing a body image scale culturally specific to Asian American women
Ebony Nicole Forslund, Department of Psychology
We looked at mistreatment and how that could be selective in nature, meaning that people who have certain demographic variables may experience more incivility or mistreatment than their counterpart. We think that older female minorities will experience more incivility or mistreatment than younger white males. We also think these experiences of mistreatment will influence how they perceive their workplace as being a negative place. This relationship is mediated by co-worker and supervisor incivility or mistreatment.
Alyssa Boyd, Hannah Latif, Rebecca Smith, and Miaomiao Liu, Department of Chemistry
Atrazine has become one of the most common general-use pesticides in the world. In rural areas where farming is the primary industry, chemical runoff has major effects on the environment. It is difficult to contain because field runoff goes in all directions, ending up in surface waters, like the Illinois River. The Illinois River is a source of drinking water for many communities, therefore it is necessary to monitor and regulate this chemical pollutant. The EPA regulates the use of atrazine, and the Safe Drinking Water Act states the tolerance level to be no more than 3 ppb. As a weed killer, atrazine also kills beneficial plant life in rivers and wetlands, affecting the entire ecosystem and starving fish and other herbivores in these systems. Further effects include stunted growth and reproductive issues in amphibians and fish. To determine the atrazine content in water, we selected an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) technique as it has the advantage of being highly accurate, quick, and simple to use. The Abnova Atrazine ELISA kits were purchased with the USR funds to help our research team determine the concentration of atrazine present in Thompson Lake (at Emiquon) and the Illinois River.
Marquiera Harris, Department of Social Work
My co-researchers and I along with our faculty advisor/mentor are conducting research on Asian American female body image issues. We are doing this research because there is little to no existing literature culturally specific for Asian American women. We have been through in-person interviews to put together a survey that would and could be used for all Asian American women. The research was conducted using a survey we created that was sent to organizations at colleges/universities with large Asian American populations as well as social media groups. Our first sample, 264 women, showed that the four factors we came up with all correlate and even the items in each factor correlate. We are hoping to replicate these results in a second sample, and if we do, then this will be the first Asian American female body image scale.
Alex Skarr, Department of Sociology/Anthropology and Political Science
Prominent leaders and participants of the Moral Mondays Movement such as Reverend William J. Barber, II and Bob Zellner, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee’s (SNCC) first white staff member, have placed the Moral Mondays movement in the broader historical context of the experience of Blacks during Reconstruction and the Civil Rights Movement as well as more recent events like the death of Trayvon Martin (Barber 2014). This project presents a framing analysis of the Moral Mondays social movement, and argues that the appropriation of the Civil Rights master theme, combined with the individualized framing in each state to fit that state’s particular needs has played an important role in the development of this social movement.
2015-2016 Undergraduate Student Research Grant Award Winners
Mackenzie Atchie (mentor Frances Shen), Department of Psychology
Perceptions of Homosexual and Heterosexual Domestic Violence Cases and the Effects of Masculine and Feminine Physical Traits
While gender and sexual orientation in domestic violence cases have been extensively studied, research on the effects of masculine and feminine physical traits is limited. To examine the effects of these variables on public perceptions of domestic violence cases, Mackenzie Atchie’s study used a hypothetical domestic violence case scenario that varied only in gender, sexual orientation, and masculine/feminine physical traits of the perpetrator and victim. She found that variables such as attitude toward punishment, intimate partner violence, sex role stereotyping, and homosexuality, and participants’ demographics affected participants’ judgments of punishment severity and crime seriousness across cases. Masculine and feminine physical traits were not found to be significant predictors of ratings for crime seriousness or punishment severity. She also found that gender and participant demographics such as religion and race/ethnicity may be associated with bias against certain domestic violence cases. These results suggest that people working with victims and perpetrators of domestic violence may need to be more aware of how cases are handled. Mackenzie presented her work at the 2016 STARS, 2016 Midwestern Psychological Association and the 2016 Association of Psychological Sciences conferences in Chicago.
David Bova and Sara Stutzman (mentor Karen Reinke), Department of Psychology
Individual Differences in Responses to Emotional Faces
Previous work has shown that spatial attention can be modulated with facial expressions. This modulation has been displayed in a variety of tasks, but in particular, with the dot-probe task. Given that the dot-probe task has been used to explore the extent of attention modulation in general, it is used again here in order to explore individual differences. Participants viewed two face stimuli for 250 ms, one left and the other right of fixation. These were immediately replaced by a target dot presented in either location. Reaction times to the target were the dependent measure. There were three trial types: congruent (one fearful face and one neutral face with the target appearing in the location of the fearful face), incongruent (one fearful face and one neutral face with the target appearing opposite of the fearful face), baseline (both faces were neutral and the target could appear in either location). These individual differences were the subject of further exploration utilizing the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and a Face Rating Scale. The Face Rating Scale assisted in exploring whether a participant’s opinion on the facial expression had an effect on the resulting speed of their response. The STAI helped determine if a participant’s level of anxiety (during the study and in general) made them more reactive to fearful faces. The Face Rating Scale and dot-probe task were randomized to ensure there was no third variable influencing responses. David and Sara presented their findings at the 2016 Association for Psychological Sciences annual convention in Chicago.
Jacob M. Eikenberry (mentor Benjamin Walsh), Department of Business Administration
A Study of the Effects of Workplace Incivility and Grit on Burnout in Domestic Violence Program Employees
(Re)Shaping effective services for underprivileged populations is necessary to affect meaningful changes in the population. Since social service employees act as liaisons between poverty stricken populations and needed resources, protecting relationships between clients and employees is vital. In this research, Jacob Eikenberry examined the effects of workplace incivility and grit on burnout in a sample of domestic violence program employees. They found that workplace incivility was positively correlated to burnout, but they did not find support for the hypothesis that grit would moderate the relationship between workplace incivility and burnout. This suggests that, perhaps, social structural solutions are needed to protect employees from burnout. An interaction effect illustrated that employees low in grit consistently showed burnout when exposed to client incivility, whereas employees high in grit showed burnout only when client incivility levels were low. Jacob presented the poster at the 2016 STARS and the 2016 Midwestern Psychological Association’s annual conference in Chicago.
Kyle French (mentors Michele Miller and Sheryl Reminger), Department of Psychology
The Effect of Auditory Stimuli on the Emotional Perception of Visual Stimuli
Kyle French’s research sought to measure an interaction between the senses of sight and hearing in the formation of emotional perception. Specifically, he attempted to measure how the difference in the tempo of music effects one’s emotional perception of what he or she is viewing. The study was run over a 2-3 month period at UIS. Kyle presented the findings of this study at the 2016 STARS Symposium and the 2016 Midwestern Psychological Association’s annual conference in Chicago.
Michael Lotspeich (mentor Shoon Lio), Department of Sociology/Anthropology
Community conflict and building construction: Stratification in a remote, consolidated local education agency (LEA)
While much research has been conducted on both state-level stratification of LEAs and LEA reorganization, little attention has been paid to spatial conflicts of identity in rural communities after LEA reorganization. Using a dataset of (N=1974) survey instruments and (N=99) Facebook posts, Lotspeich investigated variables to support or disavow community support for building construction that serves a subset of the consolidated LEA. Using SPSS 23 and ATLAS.ti to create a triangulated analysis, Lotspeich found that LEA voters (a) challenged a new, consolidated identity, (b) felt the new LEA administration and Board of Education poorly communicated with their constituents, (c) felt the burden of aging, poorly-maintained facilities, and (d) was divided between the interests of the ‘North’ and the burdens of the ‘South’. Michael presented his research at the 2016 Rural Sociological Society annual conference in Toronto, Canada.
Janell Mathus (mentor Kanwal Alvarez), Department of Biology
Prevalence of Hepatitis C among the Homeless in Central Illinois
Janell Mathus’ research sought to determine the prevalence and incidence of the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) in the Central Illinois homeless population. This study is important because HCV poses a major health burden that is similar to HIV in that it has comparable rates of morbidity and prevalence. There are also several risk factors for HCV among homeless people have been described, although the mechanism of transmission within this population is not very clear. Janell administered surveys to determine the participants’ history and any risk factors associated with HCV infection. In addition, she performed blood testing in the form of finger sticks to determine participants HCV status. This study may help develop methods of prevention and treatment, decreasing the incidence of HCV among the homeless population and providing an invaluable opportunity to protect and promote public health.
Lisette Moreno (mentor Shoon Lio), Department of Sociology/Anthropology
Improvisation: Playing and Acting with Autism Spectrum Disorder
A medical /deficit model have dominated the treatment of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). In an attempt to move away from the deficit perspective, Lisette Moreno outlined a socio-cultural framework, drawn from anthropology, sociology and social psychology, with which to understand the dynamic meaning-and social world-making of individuals with ASD (Conn, 2015; Ochs et al, 2004). Her presentation at the 2016 Midwest Sociological Society’s Annual Conference in Chicago posits that this socio-cultural framework provides educators and human service providers with the theoretical foundation for new forms of interventions such as improvisation, play and drama that empowers individuals with ASD through developing their social capacity for social communication and social expression. Lisette presented her research in a session on undergraduate research in social psychology. She also presented her findings at the 2016 UIS STARS.
Sarah Rowlands (mentor Jorge Villegas), Department of Business Administration
Developing a Network of Care: Increasing Health Outcomes and Reducing Costs among Super-Utilizers of Health Services
Sarah Rowlands conducted this study in collaboration with Brittany Carls, an MBA student, and under the supervision of Dr. Jorge Villegas. This research focused on the economic burden of super-utilizers of local emergency departments. For this specific study, they focused on one local homeless patient that had 100 emergency department visits in one year due to complications from mismanaged diabetes, low health literacy, and socioeconomic barriers. Findings from this project showed the economic benefits of giving patient-centered care and the improvement of quality in care the patient received. In a six month period, the implementation of a care team saved close to $20,000 for a single patient. Sarah presented their research findings at the 2016 Association for Prevention Teaching and Research in Albuquerque, NM.
Taylor Vazquez (mentor Adam Clay), Department of English
2016 Edition of The Alchemist Review
Taylor Vazquez accompanied other UIS students and faculty to showcase The Alchemist Review‘s at the 2016 Association of Writers & Writing Programs conference in Los Angeles, CA. It was a massive convention that took at the Staples Center where thousands of attendees come and enjoy a weekend full of fascinating panels and discussions, networking, and all things relating to the literary world. The bookfair, which was where the Alchemist Review crew manned their own table and passed out copies of the 2016 edition, housed over 800 different publications. While attending this conference, The Alchemist Review staff gained incredible insight into the publishing field through interacting with experienced writers and publishers and hope to apply some new details to future editions of The Alchemist Review.