Almanac of Illinois Politics

Production of the Almanac of Illinois Politics has been delayed indefinitely due to a lack of resources and personnel. At some point in the future we may move forward with an online publication.

If you are interested in receiving notice when the online publication is available, please contact Barbara Van Dyke-Brown by phone (217) 206-6579, fax (217) 206-7397 or by email at

It is our intent that any paid pre-ordered copies of the publication will be reimbursed shortly. We will keep your contact information on file and make you aware should the publication becomes available. If you have questions or concerns regarding your pre-ordered a copy, please contact Barbara Van Dyke-Brown by phone (217) 206-6579, fax (217) 206-7397 or by email at  

An Evaluation of the Illinois Department of Corrections’ Gang-Free Environment Program

Co-principal Investigators: Laura Gransky Dorman and Ernie Cowles

In July 1998, Center for Legal Studies (now the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies) staff began an evaluation of the gang-free environment created at Taylorville Correctional Center (TCC). Unlike other states where members of rival gangs are housed together, Illinois’ approach is unique in that only inmates identified as non-gang members are housed at the TCC. It is believed Illinois is the first state correctional system that has separated inmates who are not involved with gangs from those who are involved. The IDOC proposed that through the development of an environment free of gang tensions and rivalries, inmates would take advantage of programs directed toward their personal development and growth, thus encouraging their rehabilitation. Because the study’s duration was short (i.e., 5 months), the evaluation design developed was limited in scope and followed a process evaluation focus. As such, primary emphasis was placed on documenting the underlying assumptions that guided the development of the gang-free environment and assessing the implementation process.

An Evaluation of the Peoria Drug Court Program

Co-principal Investigators: Richard Schmitz and Pinky Wassenberg.

In July 1998, The Center for Legal Studies at the University of Illinois at Springfield was awarded a grant by Peoria County to conduct an evaluation of their Drug Court Program. The evaluation has three parts. First, the process evaluation will provide descriptions of the initiation context of the drug court as well as its initial design and structure. This section will examine the ways in which the drug court evolved as it was implemented. The second portion of the evaluation will provide an assessment of the impact of the drug court on participants and their families; the county court system; and treatment and service provider contracting with the drug court. Finally, there will be an overall assessment of the Peoria County Drug Court as viable post-disposition alternatives for the targeted group of offenders. That overall assessment will include recommendations for the drug court; an exploration of the lessons provided by the Peoria Drug Court for those interested in creating similar drug courts elsewhere; and a discussion of the implications of the evaluation for the existing scholarly literature on post-disposition alternatives for drug-involved offenders.

A Study of Juvenile Access to Council

Co-Principal Investigators: Richard J. Schmitz. and Pinky S. Wassenberg.

In 1996, the Center for Legal Studies (now the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies) was awarded a grant from the Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission to undertake an examination of the extent to which juveniles in Illinois have timely access to adequate legal representation in delinquency proceedings. Statewide surveys and case studies were taken in order to provide a portrait of the representation of juveniles in Illinois courts.


The DUI (Driving Under the Influence) Risk Reduction Project was initiated through efforts of the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts (AOIC) and the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) Division of Traffic Safety. The project was created in response to concerns expressed by DUI evaluators, probation officers and judges regarding the inadequacy of the assessment instruments currently used for evaluation of DUI offenders in Illinois. Administrative rules promulgated by the Illinois Department of Human Services (IDHS), Division of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse require that DUI evaluators use one of two assessment instruments (the Mortimer-Filkins Questionnaire or the Driver Risk Inventory) when making their report to the court. The ultimate goal of the Risk Reduction Project is to develop an alternative instrument to assist in earlier identification of those DUI offenders most likely to become chronic offenders. A project Work Group was formed in 2000 that included members from IDHS Division of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse, the Secretary of State, the State Police, AOIC, and IDOT. Representatives also included members of the judiciary, representatives of DUI evaluation/treatment agencies, and a project consultant.

The Institute for Legal and Policy Studies, now the Institute for Legal, Legislative, and Policy Studies, a unit of the Center for State Policy and Leadership at the University of Illinois at Springfield (UIS), was asked to provide administrative and research services to the Work Group and to oversee the overall project. The Institute’s involvement began with a nationwide survey to collect copies of instruments used around the country. Through the use of interviews and focus groups, information then was collected from individuals in the field in Illinois regarding the attributes desired in an evaluation instrument. With the help of a panel of national DUI assessment experts, the instruments collected from the nationwide search were evaluated based on the list of desired attributes. The instrument with the most attributes then was chosen for further study in Illinois. This process is described in detail in The Illinois DUI Assessment Instrument Project (PDF).

The ASUDS-RI developed by Dr. Kenneth Wanberg and Dr. David Timken of Center for Addictions Research and Evaluation located in Arvada, Colorado (Copyright 2005, 2008) was selected as meeting the largest portion of Illinois’ needs. This instrument is currently mandated for use statewide in Colorado and is used in parts of Arizona, Hawaii and multiple east-coast states. The version used in Illinois has been altered to meet the needs expressed by evaluators and end-users in Illinois. UIS entered into a sub-contract with the developers of the ASUDS to incorporate additional drug use and criminal history information into the ASUDS-RI, and these additional components were finalized in the winter of 2004. The ASUDS-RI is normally self-administered in either a paper version or a computerized testing module. The computer module automatically computes the scores upon completion. The paper version can be scored by hand or the data can be entered into the computer module by the evaluator for scoring. Completion times for the ASUDS-RI ranges from 20 to 45 minutes. A Spanish paper version of the test is also available. The ASUDS-RI includes 11 scales and 6 sub-scales. The scales focus on risk areas ranging from driving risk to alcohol and drug use to mental health to defensiveness. Selected scores are then weighted and combined into a level ranging from 1 to 4, each with corresponding service suggestions. Each individual score is put into a profile based on the percentile ranking compared to the DUI offenders from a pilot study sample. For example, a score that corresponds to the 89th percentile show us that this offender scored higher on this scale than 89% of the offenders in the sample.

The ASUDS-RI (Revised for Illinois) is a self-administered assessment instrument composed of 113 questions arranged into 11 scales and 6 sub-scales. The scales are designed based on research related to DUI risk and risk prediction. Scales related to drug use and criminal history were added or modified for the Illinois version of the instrument based on the feedback received from multiple DUI constituency groups in the state.

The ASUDS-RI was pilot tested in two phases in Illinois. The first phase of the pilot consisted of selected DUI evaluators asking their clients to complete the ASUDS-RI in addition to either the Mortimer-Filkins Questionnaire or the Driver Risk Inventory. The evaluators did not score the instrument or use it in the assessment recommendations. The test was then sent to UIS along with a copy of the individual’s Uniform Report and Driving Abstract, where staff compiled the tests and collateral data for scoring and analysis. (The Uniform Report is a standardized report required by DASA, which consists of the outcomes generated from the DUI Evaluation. A Driving Abstract consists of an individual’s driving record.) The tests were also sent to Dr. Wanberg for scoring and analysis. The purpose of this phase was to validate the new test questions and produce percentile rankings for test scores based on the distribution for the Illinois offender population. For the second phase of the pilot test evaluators used the ASUDS-RI in their assessments. Data were collected through procedures similar to phase I. For further information see: The Illinois DUI Risk Reduction Project: ASUDS-RI Pilot Phase I (Statistical Summary) (PDF).

Since the DUI Risk Reduction Project began, the Work Group has worked with the Division of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse to propose modification of its administrative rules to allow use of the ASUDS-RI as an approved instrument in Illinois. This discussion is on-going, but no definitive decisions have been made to date. Currently, in order to use the ASUDS-RI, licensed DUI Evaluator Facilities must attend the ASUDS-RI Training Session and receive approval of an exception from DASA to use the ASUDS-RI instead of the Mortimer-Filkins Questionnaire or the Driver Risk Inventory. For more information about the ASUDS-RI Training Program for Certified DUI Evaluators.

Child & Youth Care Worker Certification Testing Program

In spring 1995, Center for Legal Studies (now the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies) staff developed and implemented a professional testing and certification program for entry-level child care professionals employed by private child welfare agencies for the Illinois Council on Training, Illinois Association of Child and Youth Care Workers, Child Care Association and D.C.F.S. This project entails several innovative features including the use of computerized testing instruments, remote-site testing, and immediate transmittal of test results to the child care worker.

Class 4 Felony Offenders

Co-principal investigators: Ernie Cowles and Laura Gransky Dorman

In 1995 researchers in the Center for Legal Studies (now the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies) were funded by the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority to develop a descriptive overview of incarcerated Class 4 offenders in the Illinois correctional system. The ultimate goal of this project was to ascertain whether it would be appropriate to divert a portion of the Class 4 population to free bed space in the state correctional facilities for more serious offenders. The study results reveal that the majority of the Class 4 offenders are “exactly where they should be.” Prior criminal histories for the sample groups seemed, for the most part, extensive and varied. Many of these people, although incarcerated on the least serious felony classification, had prior criminal involvements that have resulted in prior imprisonment, jail time, and probation. In essence, the incarcerated Class 4 offenders may be in prison as a result of not having refrained from continued criminal involvements despite having been subjected to prior sanctions.

Compulsive Gambling Counselor Training

The Institute for Legal, Legislative and Policy Studies no longer offers this training.  You can check with the Illinois Department of Human Services to locate training.

The training program will provide participants with a strong clinical base from which to deliver problem gambling treatment services.  The course curriculum covers assessment, case planning, case management, monitoring, counseling, and advocacy. Additionally, training will ensure clinicians are knowledgeable of the services provided by the treatment, criminal justice and other behavioral health systems.

Overview:  Problem and Compulsive Gambling Counselor Five-Day Basic Training

The Illinois Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Professional Certification Association (IAODAPCA) has developed a certification and credentialing process for counselors of problem and compulsive gambling. The Problem and Compulsive Gambling Counselor Five-Day Basic Training will provide participants with the requisite knowledge for the written IAODAPCA certification exam. This training curriculum also reflects IAODAPCA-defined knowledge areas and skills as well as the role, purpose, functions and responsibilities required in IAODAPCA’s evaluation and competency methodology for problem and compulsive gambler behavioral health professionals. This 30 hour course will be delivered throughout a five-day series, divided into two consecutive weeks.

Continuing Education Units

Through this five-day basic training, qualified participants can earn up to 30 continuing education units (CEU) from the Department of Professional Regulations and IAODAPCA.


Bensinger, DuPont & Associates (BDA) (acquired by Morneau Shepell) will provide experienced trainers for this training. Based on the Columbia Assessment Services, Inc.(CAS) January 1999 report, Role Delineation Study: Counselors of Problem Gamblers , the curriculum, syllabus, instructional material and training hours reflect the relative weights and importance of the five weighted performance domains identified in the CAS study. The training curriculum also reflects IAODAPCA-defined knowledge areas and skills as well as the role, purpose, functions and responsibilities required in IAODAPCA’s evaluation and competency methodology for problem and compulsive gambler behavioral health professionals.

Gambling-GET HELP

Data for Decision Makers

This site provides information on the “Knowledge-Based Approach to Regional Planning” project. The focus of the project was to develop a community economic development planning process that is knowledge-based. A knowledge-based approach to planning emphasizes deliberate a concentrated efforts to assemble useful information prior to and during planning programs.

Guide To Knowledge Based Planning (PDF)

Knowledge Based Regional Planning for Montgomery County, Illinois (PDF)

Dceo Project

State and Regional Development Strategies Project (Click on the report to download a PDF version)

Central Region
2001 Central Annual Report (PDF)
2002 Central Annual Report (PDF)
2003 Central Annual Report (PDF)
Central Illinois Economic Indicators (PDF)

EastCentral Region
2001 EastCentral Annual Report (PDF)
2002 EastCentral Annual Report (PDF)
2003 EastCentral Annual Report (PDF)
EastCentral Illinois Economic Indicators (PDF)

About the State And Regional Development Strategies Project:
Since 1999, the Illinois Department of Commerce and Community Affairs and public universities including University of Illinois at Springfield have been collaborating with business, government and civic leaders throughout Illinois to “establish a consensus on a long term economic development strategy cognizant of the competitive position of the state’s regions and the needs of commerce and industry.” State and Regional Development Strategy Act. 20 ILCS 695.

During calendar year 2000, the five university partners surveyed over 3,100 individuals by direct mail and spoke with 950 participants at 19 summit meetings held around the state. From the surveys and summit meetings, a common set of 15 strategic goals and 40 development objectives were articulated. In 2001, the university partners held an additional 47 meetings in the 11 regions of the state where more than 1,100 stakeholders participated, contributing 4,004 volunteer hours to brainstorming strategies to achieve development objectives. The universities catalogued over 430 project suggestions for improving the economic characteristics of the regions and the state. About half of these programmatic, administrative, and legislative strategies were judged suitable, feasible, and acceptable for implementation, assuming of course implementation financing is located.

E-government Study

The study focused on E-Government in communities. The study had two parts: a survey of digital government facts for Illinois municipalities and a resource guide on funding sources for communities. The reports below summarize these studies. Click on the icon below to download a report.

IL E-Government Fact Book (PDF)
E-Government Funding Sources (PDF)
Private Funding Sources for Local Government (PDF)

In 2002 and 2003, majority of efforts are being directed to managing these strategies to completion. The Illinois Department of Commerce and Community Affairs identified and is supporting 45 of the projects that produce specific products or services of benefit to all the regions. These initiatives will increase the knowledge base, document innovative practices/techniques, promote professional development, or shape institutional structure.

Economic Development

The Institute is engaged in several ongoing economic development projects. Please take a moment to browse some of our current initiatives. If you have questions, please contact Dr. Patricia Byrnes at

DCEO Project

E-Government Study

Data for Decision Makers

Economic Impact Analysis

Grant Writing Resources

Planning Tools for Decision Makers Website

Economic Impact Analysis

We offer Economic Impact Analysis!

What is it? Economic impact analysis traces spending through an economy and measures the cumulative effects of that spending.

Why would you do it? Spending changes due to government projects,new business expansion or retention, plant and military base closings, demographic changes, new laws and policy changes can all effect the economic environment. An economic impact analysis provides information for economic development agencies, chambers of commerce and public interest group on the effects of these changes.

How can I get more information? The economic impact analysis services will be provided by the Center for State Policy and Leadership. The cost of the analysis is modest depending on the specific project. Contact: Patricia Byrnes at

Evaluation of Illinois’ Cash Transaction Report Unit and Drug Conspiracy Task Force

Principal Investigator: Ernest L. Cowles, Ph.D.

The Center for Legal Studies (now the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies) at the University of Illinois at Springfield was awarded a grant to complete an impact evaluation of the Drug Conspiracy Task Force and Cash Transaction Reporting Unit by the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority in June 1996. Data for the study was collected through a variety of sources such as program proposals, funding agreements, monthly activity data reports, site-visits and telephone interviews.

Evaluation of Pretrial and Drug Intervention Programs in Macon and Peoria Counties in Illinois

The Center for Legal Studies (now the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies) completed a two-year evaluation funded by the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority on five programs designed to reduce jail crowding, provide intensive substance abuse treatment for drug offenders, and establish options for channeling offenders away from traditional court processing. The five programs included pretrial diversion in both Macon and Peoria counties, an intensive drug intervention program in Peoria, and day reporting (probation) and deferred prosecution programs in Macon County. The study provides information regarding the impacts of these programs on jail populations, cost savings and staff workload impacts resulting from the programs, treatment impact on the substance abusers, and offender recidivism among other areas of interest.

Evaluation of the Madison and St. Clair Counties’ Homicide and Violent Crime Strike Force

Co-Principal Investigator, Pinky S. Wassenberg and Richard J. Schmitz

Funded by Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority in 1996, the focus of this evaluation was to assess the implementation and impact of the Homicide and Violent Crime Strike Force programs operating in St. Clair and Madison County. The Strike Force is a joint effort of the Illinois State Police and the Illinois Attorney General’s Office. It primarily handles homicide and violent crime cases which have previously been investigated by other law enforcement agencies.

Evaluation of the Sheriff’s Work Alternative Programs in Adams and Madison Counties Illinois

Co-Principal investigators: Pinky Wassenberg and Richard J. Schmitz

Funded by Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority in 1996, The Center for Legal Studies (now the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies) conducted a process and impact evaluation of the Sheriffs’ Work Alternative Program (SWAP) operating in Adams and Madison counties. The SWAPs were implemented as an alternatives to incarceration for nonviolent offenders. The results of the evaluations are reported in two separate documents published by the ICJIA. Both programs began with the goals of removing inmates from the county jails to free bed space and providing of a means for offenders to pay their debts to society through public service work. The Adams County program did not achieve the objective of removing inmates from the jail because most SWAP participants remained incarcerated while in the program. The analysis of the impact of the SWAP on the community showed the second objective had been realized: the program provided an opportunity for offenders to perform public service thereby providing some degree of restitution to the community. The Madison County SWAP fulfilled both initial objectives.

Impartial Due Process Hearing Officer Training and Evaluation Project

Funded by the Illinois State Board of Education and mandated through revisions in the Illinois School Code, the project involves for the provision of training for impartial special education hearing officers and a yearly performance evaluation of these hearing officers. Training opportunities provided through the grant include the initial four-day orientation with specialized curriculum developed for hearing officers involved in special education hearings. A series of mandatory in-service training sessions on selected topics of interest to the hearing officers are conducted following completion of the orientation session. The comprehensive curriculum developed for the hearing officer training includes Federal and Illinois law; Illinois special education policy, programs, and case law; general responsibilities of conducting due process hearings; writing decisions and other diagnostic procedures; and a discussion of landmark and current court decisions affecting special education. The second component of this project required the on-going performance evaluation of the impartial due process hearing officers. The Center for Legal Studies (now the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies) used a three-person evaluation team to promote a fair and unbiased review process. This approach to the evaluation of the hearing officers is helped to provide for a process that was objective, job-relevant, and behaviorally defined.

Mandatory Court-Annexed Arbitration Evaluation Projects

Funded through grants from the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts, the Center completed evaluations of mandatory arbitration programs piloted in the Winnebago, DuPage, and Lake County circuit courts. An evaluation is underway of the mandatory arbitration program in the Cook County circuit court. Among the effects studied are whether the programs save the courts, litigants, and attorneys time, money and effort.

Methamphetamine Protocol Project

In 2003, under the auspices and funding by the Illinois State Police, The Institute for Legal and Policy Studies announced the completion of a two year project, which resulted in Meth: A Reference Guide for Illinois Law Enforcement and Courts, and four corresponding CD-ROMs.

Meth: A Reference Guide for Illinois Law Enforcement and Courts, was authored by a multidisciplinary group of law enforcement officers, state’s attorneys and prosecutors, and judges who have worked together sharing hard won expertise and experiences in handling methamphetamine cases in Illinois, in the field and in the courtroom.

The Methamphetamine Guide is available in hard copy format (paper copy) and electronic format (PDF files and Word files). Power Point presentations were also created to correspond with each chapter of the Guide. Additionally, a Methamphetamine First Responder’s Guide was created in Macromedia Director Program specifically for the Illinois State Police (and officer’s Toughbooks). The First Responder’s Guide was intended to have limited distribution to those officers and court personnel that would benefit most from the very specific information presented on methamphetamine use and abuse, safety hazards, and law enforcement policies regarding methamphetamine investigations, arrest, and evidence collection.

The Methamphetamine Guide and corresponding CDs contain substantive information on the following topic areas:

  • The methamphetamine problem in Illinois;
  • Making Methamphetamine: Indications, Methods, Health Hazards and Environmental Issues;
  • Law Enforcement: Investigation, Arrest and Evidence Collection;
  • Methamphetamine Abuse and Treatment;
  • Protection of Children Exposed to Methamphetamine Labs;
  • Methamphetamine Charges;
  • Methamphetamine Litigation: Issues, Responses and Questions;
  • Illinois Case Law;
  • Case Law, ALR and Law Review Articles;
  • Extensive Appendix and Bibliography.

Omnibus DUI Project

The Institute for Legal, Legislative and Policy Studies (ILLAPS) completed a four-year examination of the DUI statutes under a grant from the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT), Division of Traffic Safety, which has resulted in the DUI Sentencing Guidelines, produced in hardcopies and CD-Rom format. Eight (8) statewide training sessions for Illinois Judges and States Attorneys on the use of the DUI Sentencing Guidelines CD have been conducted in computer labs located throughout the state.

Between 1990 and 2002, Illinois had a large volume of DUI and alcohol-related statutes enacted and placed in either the Illinois Vehicle Code (625 ILCS 5/) or the Unified Code of Corrections (730 ILCS 5/). The DUI Omnibus Project (DUI Sentencing Guidelines) was initiated to respond to the passage of an unusually large number of DUI laws. In some cases, a newly enacted law was placed in both codes. In 2002 the judiciary serving on IDOT’s DUI Advisory Council recommended that an omnibus statute be developed with intent to place all DUI penalties in one Code or the other. This recommendation was issued because the judiciary, as well as local State’s Attorneys, were concerned about the uniformity of sentences from county to county. In some of the more complex cases, they were having difficulty determining the appropriate sentence intended by the Legislature. The IDOT, utilizing Highway Safety Funds, issued a grant to the University of Illinois at Springfield (UIS) to deal with these complex DUI statues.

The DUI Sentencing Guidelines are the culmination of the efforts of individuals who directly or indirectly assisted in the drafting and passage of Senate Bill 2124, which became Public Act 93-0800, in the 93rd Illinois General Assembly. Public Act 93-0800 consolidated DUI penalties previously contained in the Illinois Vehicle Code and the Unified Code of Corrections and restructured them in Section 11-501 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.

This grant was initiated on October 1, 2002. Early products produced under this grant included: Completion of a literature search pertaining to Illinois DUI laws and associated sentencing decisions; Submission of legislation (Senate Bill 2124) combining appropriate portions of existing statues for legislative consideration (Public Act 93-0800); Support of legislation (House Bill 743) renumbering subsections of P.A. 93-800. HB-743 became P.A. 93-1093; Passage of Senate Bill 2124 by the 93rd Illinois General Assembly and the signing into law by Governor Blagojevich; Development of flow charts for the violations of the provisions as amended by SB-2124.

The original project focus was to develop a set of paper flow charts and DUI Sentencing Guidelines Penalty Statements. This “paper copy” of the project was a substantial undertaking with 12 massive charts and over 800 pages of Penalty Statements. Because of the expense and the cumbersomeness of the paper version, the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies created a CD-Rom version of the DUI Sentencing Guidelines. This CD contains electronically navigated flowcharts and penalty statements in a highly accessible and searchable PDF format.

Beginning in the summer of 2005, ILAPS distributed the DUI Sentencing Guidelines CD to Judges and States Attorneys through half-day training sessions held around the state. The participants in these training sessions were taught to use the DUI Sentencing Guidelines CD ROM, which contains a navigable PDF format, 12 flowcharts, and over 800 pages of sentencing statements. During 2005 and 2006, ILAPS conducted a total of eight DUI Sentencing Guidelines Training sessions that were geographically situated in Illinois for easy access to the training sites. The DUI Sentencing Guidelines Training taught participants to use the DUI Sentencing Guidelines CD and instructions were supplied on updated material, along with detailed information on how to navigate through the complex sentencing structure of the DUI laws.

During the course of fiscal years 2005 through 2006 ILAPS produced a total of 530 DUI Sentencing Guidelines CDs and 330 Training manuals. As of September 30, 2006, ILAPS had distributed 455 DUI Sentencing Guidelines CDs, and 307 manuals. Manuals and CDs were distributed at each of the training sessions, and participants were encouraged to take additional manuals and CDs and train their co-workers with the provided information. Additionally, many Judges and States Attorneys across the State of Illinois who were unable to attend the training sessions heard about the DUI Sentencing Guidelines CDs from their associates, and requested the manual and CD from ILLAPS.

For more information on this project, please contact Bekky Grosboll at (217) 206-6348 or

Other Training Programs

Environmental Health Faculty Expertise Database
Over 200 faculty nationwide teach environmental health curriculum to undergraduate and graduate students at universities and colleges accredited or seeking accreditation by the National Environmental Health Science and Protection Accreditation Council (EHAC). These faculty represent a valuable resource of environmental health expertise, and teach, conduct research, and consult in both general and specialized areas of environmental health. Many of these faculty practiced in environmental health prior to joining academia.

The Environmental Health Faculty Database represents a searchable database of the expertise and interest areas of the faculty in environmental health academic programs. The database is a useful tool to locate faculty for:

• Guidance in course development
• Research collaboration
• Special projects
• Consulting • Workshops and educational outreach
• Creating training manuals
• Speaking on environmental health issues
• And much more.

The faculty expertise searchable database is available at the following link:

Environmental Health Faculty Expertise Survey
Environmental Health Faculty Expertise Survey is an online data collection tool that is used to collect the faculty expertise. The Online Survey form is available at the following link:

Research Projects

Institute research over the past few decades spans six major areas: Traffic Safety, Criminal Justice, Social Services, Economic Development, Education, and Training Effectiveness. Information on select projects is presented below. For most projects, brief synopses are provided, either as a single page of text or as a PowerPoint presentation. For other projects, the entire report is provided.

Traffic Safety

Criminal Justice

Social Services

Economic Development



The Evaluation of Community Policing Initiatives in the Illinois State Police

Principal Investigator: Ernie Cowles

Beginning in 1993, the Illinois State Police (ISP) initiated a series of efforts to pursue Community Oriented Policing (COP) strategies. The most recent of these initiatives, the Community Oriented Policing Demonstration Center project, contained this embedded evaluation. The evaluation was slightly different than traditional assessments as it was designed to examine not only this project but the larger picture of the processes and outcomes of the other ISP COP initiatives as well. It also was unique in that an element of the evaluation targeted an enhancement of the ISP’s internal evaluation capacity. Primary project findings related to the Illinois State Police COP initiatives fall into four thematic areas. They include organizational support; the workload, work environment and careers; external relationships; and staff training.
Results indicate that one of the goals of the various ISP COP initiatives has been to improve the integration of the ISP with local communities and other law enforcement agencies in providing information, creating problem-solving partnerships and implementing community oriented policing strategies. However, internally, one of the dominant themes that emerged from this evaluation concerns the lack of perceived organizational support for ISP’s Community Oriented Policing efforts. There is little doubt that this viewpoint is impacting the implementation of the Illinois State Police COP’s efforts and ultimately, the sustainability of these programs. Clearly, there is a perceived lack organizational commitment to COP from top management to line staff with the weakest link in the integration of COP with the agency being at the lower level supervisory ranks. Despite the considerable amount of training that has occurred, it seems fair to conclude that more training will not, in itself, remedy this problem. The study results also suggest that the introduction of the ISP’s COP’s initiatives has impacted several facets of the job in both positive and negative ways. Even though officers generally believed engaging in COP increased their workload, over two-thirds agreed that it made police work a more pleasant experience. However, although officers enjoyed engaging in COP, they felt that being involved in this was not particularly helpful to their career within the agency. This suggests the ISP must develop ways to recognize and promote community-policing activities that are not traditionally part of an officer’s duties. While engaging in community policing activities appears to lead to greater internal job satisfaction, until the agency develops performance measures that recognize these non-traditional activities, staff will be reluctant to make commitments to this approach for fear of damaging their careers. Traditional measures tend to focus on activities, that is, what officers do, rather than on outputs and outcomes, which are the results of these activities. Developing sound measures of outputs and outcomes fits well with the philosophic basis of community policing, and the ISP should direct attention at identifying these within the framework of its larger mission.

The Evaluation of Juvenile Day Reporting Centers in Christian, Peoria, and Winnebago Counties: Phase I

Co-principal Investigators: Richard Schmitz and Pinky Wassenberg

In July 1998, The Center for Legal Studies (now the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies) at the University of Illinois at Springfield was awarded a grant by the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority to conduct a process and preliminary impact analysis evaluation of Juvenile Day Reporting Centers in Christian, Peoria and Winnebago Counties. As reported, the services provided in each jurisdiction vary. The Christian County Juvenile Probation Intensive Extended Day Program incorporates drug treatment, education, life skills, and Moral Reconation Therapy (MRT). Participants meet twice a week with the Program officer to participate in Life Skills and MRT groups. During the first 18 months of program operation, the Extended Day Program 12 serious juvenile offenders. The Peoria County Anti-Gang and Drug Abuse Unit is a five-stage program that places a heavy emphasis on providing treatment services to clients in need. Other program components include anger management, Bridges, community service work, and frequent contact with the two probation officers assigned to the program. The Winnebago County Day Report Center focuses its attention of juvenile who would have ended up sentenced to detention or to the Illinois Department of Corrections, if not for this program. The center providers education, treatment, and recreational programming Monday through Friday from 3 p.m. to 9 p.m.

The Evaluation of Juvenile Day Reporting Centers in Christian, Peoria, and Winnebago Counties: Phase II

Co-principal Investigators: Pinky Wassenberg and Laura Dorman

In August 2000, The Center for Legal Studies at the University of Illinois at Springfield was awarded a grant by the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority to conduct an impact analysis evaluation of Juvenile Day Reporting Centers in Christian, Peoria and Winnebago Counties. This award is a follow-up to a previous process evaluation completed by Center staff on these programs two years earlier. There are two phases to this evaluation. Phase I involves the collection of information relating to individuals who directly affect the potential impact or outcome of such programs — the justice system, the participants, the project staff, and the treatment providers. The extent to which parents and school personnel participate in the youths’ program also is considered. During Phase II, all collected data will be used to determine the effects of each program on various system level, program level, and participant level dimensions. A comparison group will be selected from the general probation population; members will be comparable to program participants on various key demographic, social history, and criminal history variables.

The Role of Gender in Juvenile Processing, Placement and Treatment

Co-Principal investigators Cindy J, Smith, Ph.D, and Laura A. Gransky, M.S.

The Center for Legal Studies (now the Institute for Legal and Policy Studies) at the University of Illinois at Springfield was awarded a grant to obtain an accurate description of the impact of gender on access to services available to juvenile offenders in down state Illinois. Two theories of processing discrimination were considered: sex role traditionalism and paternalism (chivalry). Data were collected at each stage of the juvenile justice system, following a multi-faceted approach. Primary data collection techniques included: surveys of judicial actors and high school students, in-depth interviews of key actors involved with youth, and case file reviews of delinquency petitions. Results from this study revealed that paternalism remains, especially in rural areas. However, this is dissipating as females commit more offenses similar to their male counterparts (i.e., more serious offenses). Unfortunately, the availability of services has not kept up with this increase, especially in the area of detention space and other residential placements. Data further indicated that when youth are processed differently because of their gender, it most often occurs prior to judicial involvement. With respect to youth encountered, both males and females were characterized as being younger, committing more serious crimes more often, increasingly coming from dysfunctional families, and lacking a conscience. Specifically, females were described as experiencing more family conflict than their male counterparts, as well as being “out of control”. As such, the lack of out-of-home placements for females is of particular concern.

Youth in Community Policing Evaluation

Principal Investigator: Ernie Cowles and Co-principal Investigator: Lee Frost-Kumpf

In March 2000 the Center for Legal Studies was awarded a grant from the Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission to conduct an evaluation of 20 Youth In Community Policing programs throughout the state. These programs were designed to create partnerships between youth, police and adults in the community to address community problems and quality of life issues. The youth were involved in helping to design these programs and were encouraged to take an active leadership role in them. Projects range from creating a city recreational area, to preparing a video dealing with the relationships between police and youth, to establishing a peer jury program. This project is currently underway and is schedule to be completed in June 2001.