Clinical Lab Science
Academic Year: 2009 – 2010
A B.S. degree in Clinical Laboratory Science provides exciting opportunities for individuals with an interest in science who wish to pursue a career in a health/medical profession or other laboratory-related field. Clinical laboratory scientists/medical technologists analyze human blood and other body fluids using a variety of methods and precision instruments. The results of these analyses are used to determine the presence or absence of disease, help determine appropriate treatment, monitor therapy, and assess health. In addition to performance and interpretation of laboratory procedures, clinical laboratory scientists may be involved in the selection of lab methods or analyzers, as well as training, supervision, and consultation with other health care professionals. A CLS education provides an excellent preparation for medical and graduate schools and also prepares one for employment opportunities outside the hospital setting. Diverse job opportunities include employment in public health, research, forensic, industrial, and veterinary laboratories; pharmaceutical companies; fertility centers; laboratory computer specialization; education; and laboratory consulting.
Knowledge, accuracy, and problem-solving skills are required and depend on a firm foundation in biology, chemistry, and math followed by education in the clinical areas of hematology, chemistry, immunohematology (blood banking), microbiology, and immunology. In addition, familiarity with the use of computers and good organizational skills are required.
Completion of the degree leads to eligibility for certification by the Board of Registry of the American Society of Clinical Pathology and/or the National Credentialing Agency for Laboratory Personnel. Issuing of the degree is not contingent on passing any type of external certification or licensure examination. The UIS Clinical Laboratory Science Department is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS), 5600 N. River Rd., Suite 720, Rosemont, IL 60018; phone 773/714-8880.
Although a student may declare a CLS major at any time, the formal CLS curriculum encompasses the last two years of study including the summer semester between the junior and senior years. Normal time of entry into the major is the fall semester, junior year; however, midyear and part-time status is possible for the junior year. Since enrollment is limited, admission to UIS does not guarantee admission to the Clinical Laboratory Science B.S. In addition to completing the UIS application process, interested applicants should contact the department for an application. Students are encouraged to apply in the fall of their sophomore year so they are eligible for UIS scholarships with February deadlines.
Applicants must also forward a written statement of their academic and professional goals and the names and addresses of two college science instructors (preferably one biology and one chemistry) for use as references to the Clinical Laboratory Science Department chair. A personal interview may be required. Selections are made on a competitive basis from applicants who complete the application process by February 1. GPA is the main consideration, however references and the goals statements are also considered. Qualified applicants who complete the application process after February 1 will be considered for any remaining spots on a first-come, first-served basis.
All students are encouraged to meet with a CLS advisor before initial registration in order to prepare a plan to ensure that all requirements are met in the minimum amount of time.
The transfer option provides for the continuing education of students who have completed the first two years of lower-division work (preferably with the A.A. or A.S. degree). The CLS program has 2+2 articulation agreements with several community colleges; however, transfer students from other 2-year and 4-year institutions are also encouraged to apply.
Prerequisite courses required for admission to the CLS major include 1) 90 quarter hours or 60 semester hours of lower-division courses, including the UIS general education requirements detailed in the admissions section of this catalog; 2) two semesters of general chemistry; 3) one semester of organic chemistry; 4) two semesters of biological sciences, preferably at least one semester of anatomy and physiology; 5) one semester of statistics or higher mathematics; and 6) one semester of microbiology with lab. Recommended courses include genetics and a second semester of organic chemistry.
Students should consult with advisors for specific guidance regarding completion of general education requirements. In CLS, the clinical rotation courses fulfill the requirement for the Engagement Experience (3 hrs.) and the ECCE Elective (3 hrs.).
Interdisciplinary and problem-oriented, with emphasis on the basic sciences and standards of contemporary clinical laboratory science, the curriculum includes academic and clinical experiences.
Academic work during the junior year is designed to provide a strong background in biochemistry, microbiology, and immunology. The summer and fall terms of the senior year provide theory and laboratory experience in clinical chemistry, hematology, immunohematology, and hemostasis. During the balance of the senior year, the student’s clinical education encompasses rotations through the various clinical specialty areas of affiliated hospital laboratories. The program is affiliated with Memorial Medical Center and St. John’s Hospital in Springfield, Methodist Medical Center in Illinois in Peoria, and Decatur Memorial Hospital and St. Mary’s Hospital in Decatur.
The clinical experience is under the joint supervision of faculty at the University of Illinois at Springfield and practicing professionals in affiliated hospital laboratories. Clinical education is coupled with didactic courses offered at UIS. Enhancement experiences are available in areas of interest to the student.
Criminal background checks are required before clinical rotations. A background check that is not “clear” precludes rotations at some hospitals and prevents employment at most healthcare facilities.
Since the curriculum includes laboratory work done under professional supervision, the degree candidate not only must satisfy the customary expectations of academic work but also must meet the high-quality standards demanded of a professional medical technologist/clinical laboratory scientist. Students must maintain a minimum GPA of 2.00. Clinical laboratory science students are required to maintain a grade of C or better in all required courses.
CLS students must also be able to meet the Health and Essential Requirements, including immunizations, outlined in the CLS Student Handbook and admissions packet.
Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT/CLT) — Clinical Laboratory Science (CLS) Articulation
Special opportunities are available for individuals who have completed an associate degree medical/clinical laboratory technician program and who have passed a recognized national certification examination. Through advising and planned academic and clinical course work, medical laboratory technicians are provided a unique opportunity to complete the baccalaureate degree without repeating clinical areas in which they are already proficient. Medical laboratory technicians interested in this articulation opportunity should contact the department chair to discuss curriculum planning based on their previous academic and clinical experiences.
CLS Required Courses (59 Hrs.)
BIO 347 Medical Bacteriology 4 Hrs.
CHE 322 Laboratory Techniques 1 Hr.
CHE 433 Physiological Chemistry 4 Hrs.
CHE 418 Biomolecular Laboratory Methods 3 Hrs.
CLS 321 Seminar in Clinical Laboratory Science 2 Hrs.
CLS 447 Medical Mycology, Parasitology and Virology 4 Hrs.
CLS 448 Introduction to Immunology 4 Hrs.
CLS 405 Introduction to Urinalysis 2 Hrs.
CLS 401 Introduction to Clinical Chemistry 2 Hrs.
CLS 402 Introduction to Hematology 2 Hrs.
CLS 403 Introduction to Immunohematology 2 Hrs.
CLS 404 Introduction to Hemostasis 1 Hr.
CLS 454 Advanced Concepts in Clinical Chemistry 2 Hrs.
CLS 451 Advanced Concepts in Immunohematology 2 Hrs.
CLS 452 Advanced Concepts in Hematology 2 Hrs.
CLS 411 ECCE: Health Care Management 3 Hrs.
CLS 456 Clinical Correlations 2 Hrs.
CLS 421 ECCE: Clinical Chemistry Laboratory 1-5 Hrs.
CLS 422 ECCE: Clinical Hematology Laboratory 1-4 Hrs.
CLS 423 ECCE: Clinical Microbiology Laboratory 1-4 Hrs.
CLS 424 ECCE: Clinical Immunohematology Laboratory 1-3 Hrs.
CLS 431 Special Topics in Clinical Laboratory Science 1-4 Hrs.
Students must also complete UIS graduation requirements to earn a bachelor of science degree. Most CLS majors also qualify for a minor in chemistry.
Sample Curriculum/Program Guide: See the CLS website at www.uis.edu/clinicallabscience/
CAP Honors Sample Curriculum/Program Guide: Contact the CLS CAP Honors advisor.
Preprofessional Options: CLS provides excellent preparation for further education in medicine, dentistry, research, and other fields. Contact the pre-professional advisor, CLS faculty, or visit the CLS or Preprofessional websites for more information on these options.
Honors in Clinical Laboratory Science (Department Honors)
CLS majors with a GPA equal to or greater than 3.25 in the CLS Department and one semester in residency at UIS may elect to participate in the CLS honors option. In addition to the CLS Program requirements, honors students must maintain a minimum GPA of 3.25, earn a minimum grade of B for each course in the CLS Program, successfully complete three credits of CLS 400 Applied Research or CLS 499 Tutorial, and present their findings in a formal paper and public presentation.
Students must apply for participation in the honors program to the CLS Department chair and obtain approval of a faculty research advisor prior to their final semester.
Bachelor of Science
Wayne Gade, Linda McCown
Emeritus Faculty: William Bloemer, Paula Garrott
Adjunct Faculty: Kathyrn Blackburn, Jennifer England, Robbin Killam, Fritz Lower, Gilma Roncancio-Weemer, Seth Schaffer, Kim Stahl, James Veselenak