Which of the following would not be considered a violation of the academic integrity policy?
- a. Cutting and pasting text from the internet
- b. Buying a paper from an on-line webpage
- c. Accidentally forgetting to include two articles in your Works Cited page
- d. Reporting the death of a grandparent as a reason for an absence, when you really just skipped class
- e. None of the above
- a. Personal diary entries that are integrated into a writing assignment
- b. A table listing all the instances the U.S. military has been engaged in foreign countries during the 20th century
- c. A paraphrased selection of the importance of Pythagorean’s theory on the development of mathematics
- d. A conclusion made by you on the strength and weaknesses of arguments made in favor of raising the speed limit to 70 miles per hour
In an informal meeting to discuss possible violations of the academic integrity policy, all of the following outcomes are possible except:
- a. A decision of no violation
- b. A written warning
- c. A requirement to re-do the assignment with a reduction in grade
- d. Dismissal from the university
Question 1 Answer: e. None of the above. Every item listed is a potential violation of the academic integrity policy. Choices A and B are clear violations: they are purposeful, deliberate attempts to pass the work of others as one’s own work. Choice A (an example of plagiarism) could be acceptable, if the selection was properly cited; choice B (an example of cheating) would never be acceptable. Choice C, another example of plagiarism, is neither purposeful nor deliberate, but violations of academic integrity can occur, even inadvertently. In many cases, this kind of violation can be corrected informally between the student and the professor, but nevertheless, failing to include all outside sources is a violation of the policy. Choice D falls under the category of misrepresentation and would be considered a violation of the integrity policy.
Question 2 Answer: True. Citations serve three broad purposes. They demonstrate that a paper is well-researched and supported; they give the proper credit to the original authors or originators of ideas; and they allow readers to identify and locate the actual sources used in a project. If you are unsure about citation – especially of ideas or the structure of arguments – it is always better to err on the side of citation. (See more on options in #3).
Question 3 Answer: False. New media emerges all the time. Sources can now be found in libraries, in traditionally-published newspapers and journals, purely on-line publications, blogs, e-mail, and even Facebook. Keeping written manuals up-to-date is a near impossibility in academia. That does not remove your responsibility for citation, however.
Question 4 Answer: False. While it is true that you are allowed to use notes, books, etc. on such a test, it does not mean that cheating cannot occur. Some professors set specific rules on what notes or books are allowed, or not allowing access to the Internet during a test. Group collaboration on a take-home version of such a test, when not specifically allowed by the professor, would also be considered cheating.
Question 5 Answer: False. An on-line generator simply helps you process the information. It is akin to an on-line manual. However, care must be used when using many of these on-line tools, as they may not be up-to-date with the latest changes in citation style. Use of the most recent published manual is the safest choice when citing sources.
Question 6 Answer: d. is the correct answer because it is the only one that does not rely on outside information or knowledge that is not widely known. Given that you are writing a conclusion – essentially a summary opinion – it is not necessary to cite (although if you use data to support your argument, the data should be cited). Personal diary entries (choice A) are just like unpublished manuscripts. Since they are not original to the assignment, but something that had been written before, they must be cited (and it is acceptable to list yourself as an author of an unpublished work). Choice B might fall under the category of broad knowledge if it only listed the major conflicts of the century. But all instances of U.S. military intervention – from major instances like the Spanish-American War, both World Wars, or actions in the Gulf but also inclusive of U.S. actions in Central America – given the minor details that must be involved moves this from common knowledge to needing a citation. Finally, choice C is such a specific topic, it is unlikely that the topic is widely known. Furthermore, since you are specifically noted as paraphrasing the material, a citation is appropriate.
Question 7 Answer: An informal meeting is used when a suspected violation has occurred, but the student has no previous violations. The point of such a meeting is to immediately and directly address the possible problems, without encountering a full formal hearing by the Academic Integrity Council. Choices A, B, and C are all possible outcomes of such a meeting, as outlined in the Academic Integrity Policy. Choice D, however, can only be imposed following a full formal hearing.
Question 8 Answer: Technically true. A paper can be properly cited and still be poorly graded or regarded as a weak submission. Citation, as noted above, only provides credit to the originator of ideas and reference to the original source. A string of properly cited quotations does not necessarily make a strong paper. In fact, excessive quotation is often a sign of a poorly researched, written, and reasoned project.
Question 9 Answer: False. The UIS Academic Integrity Policy does not require students to report any possible violations of the policy. However, if a student is asked about a possible violation, s/he is obligated to provide whatever relevant information s/he may have. Additionally, students should remember that in many ways the victims of academic integrity violations are often the students themselves; thus while the policy may not require you to report, you may feel an ethical or moral obligation to do so.